When the “eternal city” was founded, the gods of Rome were considered to be “numina.” It was said that they manifested their presence with power. The Greeks and Etruscans were the ones who influenced the primitive locals to have them in human forms. Believing that the everything in nature was brought about by divinity, it explained the large number of deities in the pantheon. The pious in the society were faithful in seeking for interpretation which explained why omens and portents were very essential at the early times.
The gods of Rome are composed of a major group called the Dii Consentes. There are twelve of them namely Apollo, Ceres, Diana, Juno, Jupiter, Mars, Minerva, Mercurius, Neptunus, Venus, Vesta and Volcanus. It was the poet Ennuis who listed it down around the thrid century BC. Since they were greatly honored, their statues stood in the Forum then later on, in the Porticus Deorum Consentium. At “lectisternium”, a banquest of their idols, each of them were placed upon cushions where meals were being offered. Three of them formed the Capitoline Triad and were also the foundation of the locals’ religion.
Cupid is among the gods of Rome that has different stories of his lineage. According to Cicero, he is the son of Mercury and Diana or Mars and Venus. Plato was also able to mention it in his writings as well as in Hesiod’s Theogony. It is said that Cupid was created through the troubles that happened in the world. All throughout the accounts of mythology, there are two sides of his figure. One shows that he is a vibrant youth who takes pleasure in spreading love. Another illustrates that he is a riotous that fancies doing wicked stuff. Cupid is said to have greater powers than his mother because he had dominion over the idols in Olympus, creatures in the seas and dead in Hades. In the painting of Caravaggio entitled Amor Vincit Omnialin, he is portrayed to have wings armed with a bow and set of arrows.
Fortuna is among the gods of Rome that also has its own equivalent in Greek mythology. She is personified to bring good luck represented to be veiled and blind. It is akin to the contemporary depictions of Justice that are rampantly apparent. Fortuna was also recognized to take good care of grain supplies when she is called under the name Annonaria. Her festival day is on the 24th of the natives’ calendar. She had a temple in the Form Boarium which is a public sanctuary on the Quirinalis. All over their town, she was worshipped at several shrines but not with a single title because there are many of them. It was applied to Fortuna because of the tragic circumstances where she was identified to exhibit a positive effect.